Organizations often have a limited amount of resources, which often leads them to directly avoid security practices, because sometimes they are considered expensive and difficult to implement. Obviously, this is a mistake and exposes them to possibly irreparable losses.
Below you can find a list of the 7 main tasks that every organization must perform to increase its security level.
Identify what is the important information that your organization manages.
Detect what are the systems that interact with that information.
Protect our ICTs using the best practices of each manufacturer.
Keep all systems updated.
Define a Data Protection Policy.
Train its members on the proper use of the systems.
Periodically perform vulnerability analysis on your infrastructure.
1) Identify what is the important information that your organization manages
A competitive advantage in today’s market is the knowledge of the relevant information that is stored and processed in the organization.
This can save a lot of resources, since, in this way, you will focus fully on the information that gives the business the most value.
To better understand what the objective of this point is, we must think about what is the information that could effectively affect the main functions of the organization in the case of being stolen, destroyed or exposed to unauthorized persons.
2) Detect which systems interact with that information.
Starting from the previous point, it is imperative to identify which are the physical systems and resources that interact with the most important information for the business.
This makes it possible to clearly define what the protection strategy will be and, in some cases, to exponentially increase security with the simple task of keeping these systems isolated from the rest.
3) Protect our ICTs using the best practices of each manufacturer
Once the critical components of the infrastructure have been identified, it is vitally important to implement the best practices provided by each manufacturer. These practices have the benefits of being officially supported and having been tested in several different environments, so they do not usually cause operational problems.
In any case, any configuration change in the production systems must be carefully planned and carried out in an orderly and documented process.
4) Keep all systems updated
New vulnerabilities continually appear and software manufacturers release updates to protect their products.
It is very important that these updates be applied to ensure that the infrastructure is not vulnerable to known attacks. For this, it is advisable to develop a patch management procedure, through which all systems will be kept updated.
It is also necessary to use systems that have manufacturer support, replacing those that are close to the end of support date, with newer versions.
5) Define a Data Protection Policy
Every organization must have a data protection policy that indicates its interest in the care of its important information.
It also aims to serve as a guide for all employees on how they should act with respect to the use of information resources, which often avoids many problems of improper use of systems, which may result in the commitment of critical information and cause abysmal losses to the organization.
6) Train its members on the proper use of the systems
The employees of an organization are usually the weakest link in the data-protection chain, so it is very important that they are trained to use the company’s resources responsibly.
This greatly reduces the most common security incidents, because they are linked to the misuse of the systems and / or a lack of knowledge of the risks to which a person using interconnected systems, such as computers and telephones, is exposed. smart.
7) Periodically perform vulnerability analysis on your infrastructure
Every organization that values the importance of the data with which it works must periodically perform vulnerability tests to verify that its security measures are functioning correctly.
There are further steps that can be taken to protect information security
- Adhere to encryption technology. Encryption technology is indispensable for organizations concerned with protecting their confidential data from internal and external threats. Documents and files that contain sensitive data should always be encrypted, especially when they are shared through file-sharing services. Not encrypting the data leaves them vulnerable and the domino effect can be catastrophic for the company.
- Employee access control to data and permissions. It is the responsibility of the company to value and protect the confidential information of its customers, and not allow anyone to access it. Protocols should be established that determine who can obtain the information and what can be done with it. Employees should be regularly trained in relation to their access levels and associated safety standards. Employees are the company’s first line of defense; therefore, time must be invested in training them in risk mitigation.
- Use a data-centric approach. The protection of an organization’s systems is not enough; The data within the system must be protected individually as well. Typical security software can protect information within the organization’s network; But what happens if it is extracted? This is a constant concern every time the data is consulted since there is always the possibility that the information falls into the hands of an unauthorized user. Even outside the four walls of the company, the data must always be encrypted.
- Implement a data security framework. A data security framework can identify where sensitive information is stored, control access permissions and monitor the use of data by authorized employees. Ponemon’s study found that 70% of respondents could not locate confidential information in their environment – a disconcerting statistic and a situation that can be prevented with a data security framework.